Ways to teach fluency:
  • Use the Pierce 500 sight word list to assess
  • Have students make flash card of any unknown words and practice these at home
  • Teach students to decode words by “chunking” unknown words and reading parts instead of letter by letter
  • Help students see the purpose of punctuation. The author put it there intentionally to give meaning to the text. Use a picture book or poem to show students how punctuation can change the meaning of the sentence.
  • Teach students to pause at commas, stop at periods, read excitedly with exclamation marks and sound like the character when the words are in quotations.
  • Teach students how to move their eyes more quickly across the line to the end of the phrase. Help them to read in phrases so it sounds like speech (instead of word by word). Read aloud to students to model word by word vs. phrases.
  • Teach students to vary their voices by changing pitch, dialect, and even speed. Tell students to read so it sounds interesting.
  • Record students reading and have them listen to it. Talk honestly with them about how it sounds.
  • Have students reread short selections multiple times until they sound fluent.
  • Use Reader’s Theatre to help students with fluency.
  • Chorally read short selection

Prompts for fluency:
  • Read through the word quickly and think about what makes sense.
  • That’s a wall word
  • Stop at the periods
  • Make your voice go up at the end of a question
  • Read it with excitement
  • Make it sound exciting when you see an explanation point
  • Read to the punctuation mark and stop
  • Someone’s talking. Try to sound like the character
  • Think about where you would pause if you were talking
  • Make it sound interesting

Lesson Plans for Fluency